There are several frameworks to aid teachers in planning effective use of technology in their lessons. The frameworks can help to ensure that technology is being used in authentic ways to support learning rather than the focus being on the technology.
Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) attempts to identify the nature of knowledge required by teachers for technology integration in their teaching. It incorporates the following types of knowledge:
- Content Knowledge (CK): what you are teaching and your own knowledge of the subject
- Pedagogical Knowledge (PK): how your students learn best and what instructional strategies you need to meet their needs and the requirements of the lesson
- Technological Knowledge (TK): what digital tools are available to you, how to use them, and which would be most appropriate for the lesson
When planning a lesson, a teacher can use the TPACK fromework to think through the content that this going to be taught (the knowledge and skills that students should gain), what instructional strategies will best support the learning of that content, and then how technology can be used to support the instruction
The SAMR Model describes the different levels of how technology can be used within a lesson, specifically whether it is being used to enhance or transform the learning experience.
The Triple E Framework, created by Liz Kolb, can be used to think through and evaluate how technology is being used in a lesson. To be used successfully, it should engage learners, enhance the learning experience, and extend learning experiences.